Academic Entrepreneurship: The Roles of Organizational Justice, Championing, Education, Work-Life Balance, Identity, and Motivation
by Rachel Balven, Virgil Fenters, Donald Siegel, and David Waldman
The burgeoning literature on academic entrepreneurship primarily incorporates macro- level ideas and tools from fields such as economics, sociology, strategy, and public policy. Most of this research focuses on institutional, economic, and demographic variables from a macro perspective, rather than psychological variables and micro processes. The literature also tends to focus on formal, as opposed to informal, mechanisms of academic entrepreneurship. We assert that a consideration of various micro-level processes is also useful in terms of improving our understanding of the antecedents and consequences of academic entrepreneurship. We draw heavily on the organizational behavior literature to consider how micro-level processes, specifically, organizational justice, leadership/championing, education, work-life balance, identity, and motivation may be useful in explaining relationships between faculty members and the university technology transfer office. We present some preliminary qualitative findings that support this perspective.